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What is 5G Technology?
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What is 5G Technology?

Over the years, network technology has evolved from 2G (GSM) technology to EDGE (Enhanced Data GSM Evolution), from EDGE to 3G (UMTS, LTE), and from 3G to 4G (LTE-A, WiMax) technology. Very soon, 4G technology will give way for the introduction of 5G technology.

What exactly is 5G technology?

5G (from “5th Generation”) is the newest generation of cellular mobile communications. 5G performance targets higher system capacity, high data rates, energy saving qualities, massive device connectivity, and reduced costing. The first phase of 5G technology specification in Release-15 will be completed by April 2019, in order to entertain early commercial deployment. Release-16 expects completion by April 2020 for submission to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) as a candidate of IMT-2020 technology.

The Implication of 5G technology

Mobile Innovation

As fast as mobile internet will become with 5G technology, there will also be a corresponding evolution in mobile innovation too. The present generation smartphone is not in alignment with with this new network, so this advancement requires a matching development in the device as well. For example, ZTE has already made an announcement that the company will be coming up with 5G compatible smartphones by the end of 2018 or in the early months of 2019.

5G Technology

IoT & Autonomous Cars

With the introduction of 5G technology, autonomous cars will be safer, more efficient, and enjoyable for use. The new network possesses a low latency, which gives autonomous cars the chance to be closely connected to other devices, such as traffic lights, smart city infrastructure, and the list goes on. 5G will also relieve 4G of the load it has to bear as a result of the increasing number of connected devices. Users can expect a more dynamic IoT, allowing for a much faster transfer of huge volumes of data. Moreover, 5G will be able to connect more devices without compromising performance.

Home Internet

Home internet will benefit greatly from 5G technology, since it does not involve an expensive investment to install fiber optics cables. 5G home internet will be completely wireless, thus giving users the capacity to enjoy a stress-free internet experience.

5G Technology specification requirements

  • Up to 10Gbps data rate → 10 to 100x improvement over 4G and 4.5G networks
  • millisecond latency
  • Up to 100x the number of connected devices per unit area (compared to 4G LTE)
  • 100% coverage
  • 100x the bandwidth per unit area
  • 99.999% availability
  • Up to 10 years of battery life for low power IoT devices
  • 90% reduction in network energy usage

How secure will 5G technology be?

How secure will 5G technology be?

Currently, 4G networks make use of the USIM application in carrying out strong mutual authentication between a user and his/her networks and connected devices. The object hosting the USIM application can be an embedded UICC chip or a removable SIM Card. This solid mutual authentication is very critical to enable trusted services. However, security solutions today comprise of security at the edge (the device) and security at the core (the network). There is a high possibility that several security frameworks may co-exist in the nearest future. 5G technology is likely to re-use already existing solutions for cloud (SEs, Over-the-Air provisioning, HSM and KMS).

How do you foresee 5G technology helping you? Tell us in the comments below!

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